The plumbing system is used for water supply in homes and buildings and its main function is for the distribution and use of potable water and the removal of waterborne wastes. Plumbing systems mainly have three parts adequate water supply system; an adequate drainage system; and ample fixtures and equipment. Every type of plumbing system is designed, installed, maintained, and repaired to maintain efficiency.
Proper pipe work for sewage and plumbing work ensures hygienic conditions in any building or home. All connections with main or branch pipes should be arranged in such a way as to prevent cross-flow from one appliance to another. Soil, waste, home, and building sewer pipes should be of sufficient diameter in the direction of flow. Follow the following tips when arranging and arranging sanitary pipes for building drainage.
Branch pipes should be kept short to reduce noise.
When sinks and bathrooms are some distance from the stack, it may be cheaper and easier to combine their waste pipes into one pipe.
Any bend in the waste pipe should be of a large radius.
Pipework in branch connections should be arranged to allow free drainage of the system.
Connections with main or branch pipes should be arranged in such a way as to prevent cross-flow from one device to another.
Branch connections should be of a large radius with reverse.
The minimum diameter of the oil and waste pile should be 100 and 75 mm respectively.
Covered pipes or pipes with the inner face of the walls should be of hard-to-find cast iron.
All pipes on the ground floor including those laid on the outer face of the wall should be cast iron.
Sufficient provision shall be made for access to all pipe works.
Embedding joints in walls should be avoided.
Provide space in the lab building for future installation.
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